“Schools not yet ready for reopening”- Federal Government

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Nigeria's Minister of Education, Adamu Adamu

The Nigerian government says it is not safe yet, for schools to resume thus, students in their final year will not write exams organised by the West African Examinations Council WAEC, as earlier announced.

Minister of Education, Adamu Adamu made the declaration on Wednesday, while briefing State House Correspondents at the end of this week’s virtual cabinet meeting presided over by President Muhammadu Buhari.

He said the examination body, WAEC cannot dictate for government what to do or when to resume schools.

“Schools under the supervision of the Federal Ministry of Education will not reopen on August 4th or any time soon. Our schools will only open when we believe it is safe for our children and that is when the situation is right, not when the number of COVID-19 infection is going up in the nation. So, I just want to make that clear,” Adamu said.

When asked if only students in Senior Secondary School 3 (SSS3) and Junior Secondary School 3 (JSS3) due for their final or promotion exams would be affected, the Minister stressed that government cannot risk the lives of such students.

“We will not reopen schools now for examinations or any other reason unless it is safe for our students; even WAEC because WAEC cannot determine for us what we do so schools will remain closed.

“Yesterday we called a meeting of stakeholders to tell us their situation and what needs to be done in order to reopen schools but while the meeting was going on, WAEC announced that they will start exams so let’s see who they are going to start with,” he said.

The Education Minister however used the opportunity to appeal to schools that have already re-opened to rescind their positions.

He also said State governments that have already announced the reopening of their schools to reconsider because it is not safe for schools to open.

He said: “I feel responsible for the whole children in Nigeria not just those in Federal government-controlled schools. Please let’s save our children from this.

“You can look at this scenario; just one infected child going into a class, can infect everyone in the class and after classes they go back to the hostel; because children cannot observe social distancing as expected. If one child in the hostel is infected, the next morning, everybody will be infected so this is not the right time to open schools.”

Adamu said if given the choice as Minister of Education, he will not mind Nigerian students losing a whole school year in order to save students from COVID-19.

“Their health is more important than any examination they are going to write and WAEC is a parastatal of the Ministry of Education and they should not determine for the government what it does. I think they should change their date or we can do without them,” the Minister warned.

The Minister stated clearly that what he said was not part of resolutions at the day’s cabinet meeting but he needed to clear the air on the matter, stressing that certain protocols have to be met and schools have to be decontaminated before they reopen.

Insecurity: ‘Your Best Not Good Enough’ -President Buhari

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The Nigerian President and Commander in Chief of the nation’s Armed Forces, Muhammadu Buhari has expressed dissatisfaction with the performance of all security agencies in handling security issues in the country.

The President expressed his uttermost dismay at a meeting with Service Chiefs and heads of other security agencies at the Presidential Villa, Abuja on Thursday.

Addressing State House Correspondents at the end of the meeting, National Security Adviser, NSA Major General Babagana Monguno (Rtd) said the Commander in Chief told them that their best was not good enough.

He said: “We just concluded a meeting between the President and the Minister of Defence, the Service Chiefs and the Heads of other security agencies including those of intelligence.

“Today’s meeting basically focused on recent developments. The President expressed great concern over the declining security situation in the country. He is extremely unhappy about what is happening and feels that even though the security agencies are doing their best, their best is not good enough for him and he wants an immediate reversal of the current trend and an immediate reversal of our misfortunes in all dimensions.

“The President also told us clearly, in no uncertain terms that he and indeed the administration came to power with three main areas of focus, fighting insecurity, fighting corruption and revamping the economy. He also noted that it takes common sense for anyone to understand that without security, the pursuit of the other two cannot be achieved; it will just be an exercise in futility.”

The NSA disclosed that the Nigerian leader warned that he will not accept any further decline in the performance of security agencies.

“Therefore, he wants the security agencies to take into consideration the wider implication of the gradual descent of the security of this country, that he is not going to accept any further escalation of the security situation.

“He also stated that no one was forced on him, he selected everyone based on their records. Therefore, it is up to each individual organisation to live up to expectation. He has also said that it is extremely important that we in the security agencies must ensure that we justify the leadership by not disappointing the populace”.

According to him, the President said ”the proliferation of drugs, small arms and light weapons must be stopped with immediate effect.”

He also said President Buhari directed all security agencies to work in harmony to maintain a strong synergy among them for better performance, leading to more successes in the fight against all forms of insecurity.

 

Nneka Ukachukwu

 

NEMA Donates Food Items to Benue IDPs

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About 50 trucks worth of food items donated by the National Emergency Management Agency,  NEMA have been distributed to Internally Displaced Persons, IDPs in Benue State,  North Central Nigeria.

Flagging off the distribution, the Executive Secretary, Benue State Emergency Management Agency, SEMA, Emmanuel Shior said the food items comprised Maize, Millet and Garri.

Mr. Shior insists that the food items were to be distributed equally to the remaining six official and 22 unofficial IDPs camps in Guma, Logo and Makurdi Local Government Areas of the State.

“We have six official camps and about 22 unofficial Camps. The unofficial camps comprise IDPs within our host communities.

“The food items comprise over 50 trucks of Maize, Millet and Garri that NEMA supplied to Benue SEMA since first week of December, 2018”.


Mr. Shior explained that SEMA took the steps to distribute the items after several attempts to draw the attention of NEMA headquarters and it’s zonal office in Jos failed.

The Executive Secretary says “given the major challenge the IDPs are facing, the State Governor, Samuel Ortom has directed the commencement of distribution to the Internally Displaced Persons, IDPs”.

He added that it also became expedient for government to flag off the distribution as the food items were at the mercy of rodents and damage due to bad weather.

The distribution of the food items was witnessed by the officials of the sustainable development goals, NEPAD as well as Civil Society Organizations and the media.


National Digital Day: Nigeria certifies 63,000 citizens on digital literacy

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The Nigerian government says it has certified 63,000 applicants out of the over 66,000 that enrolled into the digital Literary skill programme from Digital Nigeria Virtual Academy.

The Minister of Communications and Digital Economy, Dr. Isa Pantami stated this  in Abuja at the maiden edition of Digital Nigeria Day in Nigeria.

The Minister noted that for the national policy on digital Nigeria to be achieved, Nigerians needs to be trained on digital skills.

“We recently provided online learning platforms to enable Nigerians receive training in diverse digital skills. Such platforms include the DigitalNigeria.gov.ng platform and NITDA  Academy for Research and Training. Over 114,000 Nigerians have enrolled on these platforms, including about 67,000 enrolees since we officially launched the Digital Nigeria portal on the 28th of September, 2020. And 63,000 have been certified.”

The Minister explained that the ministry through its IT clearance has saved 5 billion Naira  for the federal government. “We have also developed an IT clearance portal to support inoperability, eliminate duplication and ensure value for money in the implementation of ICT projects in the country.  The IT Projects Clearance programme has saved over N5 billion for the Federal Government.”

According to him, the ICT sector alone contributes 17% to the national GDP and by the time digital transaction is included it will amount to 45% of national GDP.

“The effect of the digital economy is far greater than the ICT contribution shows.  The Digital Economy encompasses ICT and all Digital Services, which includes all online activities in financial institutions, ecommerce, online tax payment, any form of online payment, online banking, etc. When we consider these, the contribution of the Digital Economy could be up to 45% or even more,” he stated.

 He said that if Nigeria can maintain the 10% annual increase in broadband penetration; in five years Nigeria should have achieved 90% broadband penetration. ” If we can maintain the 10% broadband penetration, we can hit 90% in five years.”

The President, Institute of Soft Ware Practitioners of Nigeria, ISPON Bimbo Abioye, said they were yet to feel the public sector’s impact in the procurement of locally developed softwares.

“The private sector is in the lead and the public sector is expected to catch-up. At ISPON we don’t feel the public sector at all when it comes to procurement,” he stated.

The Executive Vice Chairman, Nigerian Communications Commission, NCC stated that “The celebration of Nigeria Digital Day is a testament to the Minister’s steps towards achieving digital economy coupled with all that he has achieved since he assumed office.

Meanwhile the Director General, National Information Technology Development Agency ,NITDA, Mr.Kashifu -Inuwa Abdullahi, said with the help and support of the Minister the agency has been able to achieve a lot in the past one year. “With help from the Minister, we have been able to achieve a lot within a year,” he explained.

Also the Managing Director, Galaxy backbone, Professor  Mohammad Abubarka, said the main problem towards achieving digital economy is implementation. “Our digital problem is not policy but implementation and Digital Day is most unique …”

The Director General National Identity Management Commission (NIMC), Mr. Aliyu Aziz, pledged his support to the ministry’s digital economy drive and said that with the declaration of October 24 every year as Nigeria’s Digital Day, it is a turning point for purposeful drive towards digital transformation.

Lateefah Ibrahim

Osun state re-imposes 24-hour curfew

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Yinka Salaam, Osogbo

The Osun State Government in Southwest Nigeria has again declared a 24-hour indefinite curfew across the State.

The announcement made by the State Governor, Adegboyega Oyetola, through a broadcast said the decision to declare the curfew followed the wanton looting of government and private property – private business premises and homes in several parts of the State.

He said the government was disappointed with the abuse of the suspension of the 24-hour curfew earlier declared in the State to forestall the breakdown of law and order and protect the lives and property of residents.

Voice of Nigeria reports that the government had on Friday, suspended the earlier curfew which spanned between Tuesday and Thursday.

Oyetola explained that the decision to declare the curfew which cuts across the entire state followed an Emergency Security Meeting where the whole situation was reviewed and assessed. 

“My fellow citizens, the declaration of a 24-hour curfew, which will be indefinite until further notice, is to prevent the current state of anarchy from degenerating into large-scale breakdown of law and order.

“For the avoidance of doubt, there shall be no vehicular (including Okada) or human movement during this period. Only those on essential duties will be permitted to move around. These persons too must carry with them proper identification to allow access,”he said.

While urging residents to remain in their homes until further notice, he assured them of safety during the period.

Lateefah Ibrahim

#EndSARS: Oyo government issues warning to hoodlums

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By Olubunmi Osoteku, Ibadan

The Oyo State Government has issued a warning to hoodlums attacking private and public property in the name of the just suspended #EndSARS protests in the State, asking them to steer clear of the State. 

The government gave the warning through the State Commissioner for Information, Culture and Tourism, Dr Wasiu Olatubosun, while speaking with journalists after an assessment tour of the places vandalised by hoodlums in different parts of Ibadan, the State capital, during the #EndSARS protests.

The places visited include the Ojoo Divisional Police Headquarters, where 12 vehicles and the building were completely razed, and the Egbeda Divisional Police Headquarters at New Gbagi Market, Old Ife Road, Ibadan, where the structure and three vehicles were also burnt.

The tour was led by the Director of Operations of the State Joint Anti-Crime Task Force Team codenamed, Operation Burst.

The team also visited Moniya, Monatan, Iwo Road Interchange, Agodi Area Command of the Nigeria Police Force, Agugu, Total Garden, Yemetu, Bere, Ayeye, Agbaje Market, Agbeni Market, Ogunpa Market, Oluyole Estate, and Odo-Ona.

Other areas are Iyana Church, Monatan, Olodo, Wema, Gbagi, Molete, Challenge, Odo Ona, Ring Road axis and Oke Padre, among other places.

However, peace is gradually being restored in the capital city as businesses have begun to open up. Commercial transport operators were also seen doing business, with traffic gradually building up in busy parts of the State capital.

Olatubosun, speaking after the tour that lasted for about seven hours said, “We have gone round and I am happy to inform you that everywhere is calm. Business activities have picked up and people have been going out without any harassment.”

“But the peace we are witnessing in the State now would not have been possible if not for the community engagement of Governor Seyi Makinde, which has helped the State to douse the tension,” he stated.

The Commissioner further said the understanding of the people and the confidence they have in the leadership of Governor Makinde also worked in the favour of the government, while giving kudos to security agencies in the State, especially Operation Burst.

He cautioned the hoodlums that Oyo State is known to be peaceful and no form of thuggery, hooliganism, violence or looting would be condoned, appealing to parents and community leaders to warn their children and their followers that Oyo State is not a place where they can destroy private and public property.

Lateefah Ibrahim

ENDSARS: Niger State inaugurates panel of enquiry

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Abdul Mohammed Isa, Niger State

Niger State Governor, Abubakar Sani Bello has inaugurated the Judicial Panel of Inquiry for alleged brutality, and other forms of abuse of Human Rights in the State.

According to the Governor, the committee was set up to hear complaints by the publics and to ensure accountability in the operations of police units in respective areas, in accordance with the recommendation of the National Economic Council NEC.

The Terms of Reference given to the committee are “To investigate any complaints of Police brutality, abuse of Human Rights and other extra judicial acts by the disbanded SARS, to determine the nature of the acts of brutality, and level of violation of Human Rights committed by the dissolved squad, to make recommendations on positive reforms to be taken and policies to be developed and implemented, to ensure that acts that may have led to violations are prevented in future”.

Governor Abubakar Sani Bello, Who gave one month duration to the committee, subject to review, pointed out that they are to receive and investigate complaints from 1992 when SARS was established to date.

The Governor, further challenged members of the committee to be diligent and fair while carrying out their responsibility.

The Fourteen Man Niger State Judicial Panel of Enquiry, is to be headed by Justice Ishaku Usman, and Abdulrahim Tariq as the Secretary.

While responding, the Chairman Justice Ishaku Usman appreciated the Governor, assured that the Panel will meet up the desired objectives in the course.

Security agents arrest Shop Burglars in Ilorin

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Tunde Akanbi, Ilorin

The joint security agencies in Kwara State have confirmed the arrest of some suspected criminals that took part in burgling of private shops and destroying of public properties in Ilorin, kwara state capital on Friday and in the early hours of Saturday.

The joint security agencies disclosed this to newsmen through their spokesperson, Kayode Egbetokun, who is also the State Commissioner of police on Saturday.

According to the Police Commissioner “The #ENDSARS protest was conducted peacefully in Kwara state. For the period the protest lasted, the Police provided adequate protection for the protesters and followed the directive of the IGP in ensuring that the protest was conducted peacefully”

He said he recalled a particular day when the great Nigerian youths withdrew from the protest when it became clear that some bad elements had infiltrated and attempted to use the protest for a criminal purpose of looting shops.

“The protesters are no longer on the streets but the hoodlums are. Yesterday 23/10/20, they looted warehouses, Malls and shops. They forcefully dispossessed individuals of their valuable belongings and threatening to do more. Attempt to burn down a popular Mall after looting was frustrated by security agents” he added.

“It is our duty to protect lives and properties in the state. Those who choose to remain with the criminals on the streets clearly made a choice of confrontation with the law enforcement agents and are at risk of the consequences of such an action. I also appeal to all law abiding residents of the state to stay at home for the period of the curfew.” he said 

When asked why security agencies  were not proactive enough to prevent the burgling incidence having got the security report earlier, he said “of course, intelligence report was available to act on and we acted on it but, with what happened on Friday at Cargo Terminal, the people came in thousands and we initially repelled them but, we later got directive from authority that we should allow them to take whatever they want to take instead of causing violence that might lead to death of citizens, but unfortunately they took leniency of security officers for weakness”

The police boss therefore appealed to parents and guardians to keep their wards off the streets and warn them not to follow the hoodlums who are presently treading a dangerous path.

#ENDSARS: APC condoles with families of victims

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By Aanya Igomu

Nigeria’s governing party, the All Progressives Congress APC, has expressed its condolence for the families of Nigerians that have lost their lives in the ENDSARS protest in recent weeks.

The APC expressed its condolence in a message signed by its Chairman
APC Caretaker/Extraordinary National Convention Committee and Governor of Yobe State, Governor Mai Mala Buni.

The party also empathised with people whose businesses and properties were destroyed as a result of the protest taking an ugly turn.

“On behalf of the leadership and membership of the All Progressives Congress APC, we solemnly condole with the families of our countrymen and the families of policemen who lost their loved ones and pray that Almighty God will grant them the fortitude to bear the loss.

“We also extend our empathy to all those whose properties were torched and pray that Almighty God will replenish it. We pray we never experience such avoidable and unnecessary horrendous carnage in our dear fatherland”.

The governing party acknowledged the rights of people in a democratic setting but however advised the youth to engage with the government in a constructive way for there to be change.

“We are committed to the ideals of democracy and we recognize the inalienable rights of our citizens to demand for changes in conditions which trample on their liberties, freedom of association, freedom of speech and wellbeing through peaceful means and rule of law.

“We acknowledge the peaceful commencement of the protests until it became violent, destructive and disorderly as hoodlums regrettably seized the opportunity in the protests and virtually took over

“To our youth, your message has been heard loud, clear, and well understood. The next stage that must follow is the needed engagement with all the structures of government to address all the concerns around the protest and effectiveness of government in general. It is imperative for the youths to extricate themselves from the activities of the criminal elements who have taken over the protests and perpetrating violence, destruction of property and attacking innocent Nigerians”.

The APC further called on all political leaders in the country to rally around the government to effect change adding that this period is not a time to play politics with the tragic situation currently happening in Nigeria.

FCT Authorities deny hoarding Covid-19 palliative

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By Hudu Yakubu, Abuja 

Authority of the Nigerian Federal capital territory administration, FCTA, has assured residents of the territory that there are no hoarded palliative items in various stores across the territory.

The FCT Minister of State, Dr Ramatu Tijjani Aliyu equally assured that items for flood victims are safe and secured, as security agents are being deployed to man strategic areas.  

The Minister, also stated that the FCT Administration had in the past few months distributed all items procured and also distributed donated items to the Area Councils, Community Associations,  Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs), Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) and Professional bodies/associations, stressing the administration has continued to receive donations that are distributed on a continuous basis, very transparently.  

She affirmed that details of such distributions are in the public domain, reaching more than a million households and individuals across the territory, just as the minister stated that the administration did ensure that CSOs and the ICPC participated in the distribution exercise to ensure transparency.  

Aliyu revealed that warehouses are supposed to stock supplies for emergency response including the recurrence of Covid-19 emergency, warning that unsuspecting members of the public should therefore not be lured into criminality under the guise of ‘hoarded’ palliative food items in the territory.  

Kebbi Governor lauds Army for reaching out to flood victims

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 The Kebbi State Governor, Abubakar Bagudu  has commended the Nigerian Army for extending its Corporate Social Responsibility to flood victims in the State.

Governor Bagudu also appreciated the laudable efforts of the Nigerian Army for reaching out to flood victims in KoKo and Bagudo Local Government Areas with relief assistance.

The Governor described the gesture of the Army in reaching out to flood victims in the state with food Palliatives and building materials as commendable and a formidable way of maintaining the extant cordial civilian – military relationship in the state.

” I will like to wholeheartedly thank the Chief of Army Staff, Lieutenant- General Tukur Buratai, for honouring Kebbi State and for finding it necessary for Army to maintain its corporate social responsibility, by coming up with their own contribution to flood victims, more especially in Koko and Bagudu LGAs .

“What we are witnessing today is a sign of generosity and responsibility which the Chief of Army Staff has found necessary to extend to the flood victims.

“This will also facilitate the existing military/civil relationship aimed at bringing succour to our teeming flood victims scattered all over the state,” Governor Bagudu said.

He expressed profound gratitude to the Chief of Army Staff and his representative, the General Officer Commanding 8 Division, Brigadier General Aminu Bande and all the entire staff, as well as Officers and men of the Division.”

Civil-military relations
Earlier, the Chief of Army Staff, Leutenant General Tukur Buratai, in his message to the IDPs said, the Army would sustain absolute cordiality in civil-military relations. 

General Buratai affirmed that the Army was fully committed to ensuring friendly interactions with the civilian population, as well as offer necessary support to those in need.

He urged the citizenry to regard the Army as the people’s army and not an occupying force. 

The Chief of Army Staff further sympathised with the flood victims in Kebbi state.

He explained that, the army provided palliatives to them as part of its social corporate responsibility.

General Buratai further advised traditional rulers to be enforcers of social justice and re-orientate youths against taking the law into their hands. 

Items distributed were assorted foodstuffs, including 2,000 15kg bags of rice and 200 bundles of zinc of roofing sheets, among others . 

Confidence Okwuchi

ENDSARS: Abuja indigenes debunk alleged attack on peaceful protesters

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By Hudu Yakubu, Abuja 

The indigenous youths in the Federal Capital Territory, FCTA, have distanced themselves from the recent violence that erupted in parts of the territory, following the clash between the pro and #EndSARS protesters.

The youths under auspices of the Indigenous People of FCT Youths Representatives, also debunked claims that they were sponsored to attack peaceful protesters by elements wanting to frustrate the process.

The spokesman of the group, Mr Yunusa Yusuf, stated that the clarification became necessary following the backlash and threats he and other members of the union have been getting after their publicized visit to the IGP.

Mr Yusuf pointed that the FCT had hosted several protests in the past without recording any incidences owing to the home support protesters enjoy from Abuja natives. He said there was therefore no basis to label such supporters as anti-protesters.

The group insisted that their protest to the Inspector General of Police was not against peaceful protesters but, against hoodlums who had hijacked the #EndSARS protest in the nation’s capital.

He stressed that the group is in support of the good intentions of the EndSARS protests, and indeed any campaign meant to promote good governance in the country.

Our attention has been drawn to very mischievous publications and post on social media displaying my pictures and phone numbers with the allegations that I have been paid by government to hire thugs to go and kill peaceful protesters.

“I will like to debunk that and to say that I am not an enemy of the youths. You know that as an activist, I stand for justice for the youth.

“I have always led peaceful protests in this country in support of the youths and I will say clearly I have no intention to attack or harass any peaceful protester in the FCT.

“We were in the office of the Inspector General of Police. We gave him a 48-hour ultimatum to get these hoodlums out of the way because they have hijacked the good intentions of those who want justice and good governance for the people”, he added. 

They therefore urge the protesters to strategize and come up with modalities to press home their demands without bringing untold hardship to fellow Nigerians.

According to him, “If we want to get it right, we cannot be destroying the same Nigeria, which belongs to all of us. We should not throw this country into anarchy.

“If we must get it right, we must strategize and prevent hoodlums from hijacking the protest. I stand with Nigerian youths, who want a better Nigeria. I support Nigerian youths, who want peace in this country, but I will not support any protest that will destroy the country.”

Association tasks leaders on digital transformation of higher education

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The Secretary General of the Association of African Universities, Prof. Etienne Ehile, has called on Government of African States and Development Partners as well as Heads of Higher Institutions to increase their allocation and investment towards ensuring a holistic digital transformation of the African Higher Education Sector.

The Secretary stated that Covid-19 pandemic has shown Africa that thorough investment in digital transformation of higher education is urgent now needed, more than ever.

Ehile made these known in a statement made available to Voice of Nigeria in Abuja, on the African Universities’ Week Celebrations scheduled to hold between 9th and 13th of November virtually.

According to Ehile, as the AAU and all higher education institutions come together to celebrate the AU Week,  I invite all stakeholders,  especially the Heads of HEIs, Government of African States and Development Partners as well as Heads of Higher Institutions to increase their allocation and investment towards ensuring a holistic digital transformation of the African Higher Education Sector”

The theme of the 2020 African universities week, Digital Transformation in African Higher and Tertiary Education, the AAU Sec General noted that the theme was aptly chosen to stimulate dialogue on how African HEIs can digitally transform their various business processes precisely teaching, learning, working spaces, events management, administrative operations (financial, students records, health, accommodation, etc), collaborations, knowledge services,  research, community engagement among several other functions of HEIs.  

Specifically, the theme for the 2020 AU Week links to the African Union Commission’s Digital Transformation Strategy (2020-2030) whose vision is “an Integrated and inclusive digital society and economy in Africa that improves the quality of life of Africa’s citizens, strengthens the existing economic sector.

“The Week’s celebration brings together higher education stakeholders across the continent, to discuss contemporary issues pertinent to the improvement of the quality and relevance of higher education to the development of the African continent”

All higher education institutions and stakeholders across the continent are to participate in the celebration of the 2020 African Universities week 

Representatives from diverse sectors including – health, agricultural, financial, and educational industries, Research Institutions and corporate organisations are also invited to actively participate in the celebrations”

For the first time, one continental virtual weeklong event is planned for the 2020 AU Week Celebrations – instead of various physical events in different African Universities”

On it bouquet of programmes lined up for the celebration week are keynote addresses and webinars on various topical issues- including Open Access, Blended Education, Leadership by Women, and Geo-Tourism, among others. 

 The programme will also feature sessions dedicated to AAU members and opportunities for collaborating among themselves with other institutions.    

AAU however recommends that the management of each member institution circulates information concerning the AU Week Celebrations to Ministries of Education, University Councils, Committees of Vice-Chancellors, and students to ensure their participation. 

Other public and private universities in each country which are non-members of the AAU, the media and general public are also invited to join the celebrations to give visibility to the week and promote the activities of higher education institutions in their countries”

The Association of African Universities (AAU) is the apex organisation and forum for consultation, exchange of information and co-operation among institutions of Higher Education in Africa. Created in 1967 by the Heads of African Universities themselves, AAU is the voice of higher education in Africa.