Nigeria is seriously threatened by climate change and the country has a weak adaptive capacity and mitigation strategy.
This was revealed in the evidence of findings obtained from a research conducted by ESDA-NGR of CESDEV University of Ibadan.
The research which was carried out in ogun (rainforest), Niger (savannah), cross-river (mangrove) States, reveals that agricultural system depends on ecosystem services.
It notes that agricultural intensification has distorted the ecosystem equilibrium, the conditions which the research says are worsened by the growing concerns of the ecosystem.
The research laments that most policies adopt a top-bottom approach where local problems are treated.
“Changes in climate variability and trends were perceived to be highest in terms of rainfall quantity and duration in three regions changes experienced in last 30 years.” The research claims.
It adds that this was so because the “climate variability was least for soil erosion quality of water obtained from water sources and far mind calendar in rainforest, savannah and mangrove regions respectively”
It however, recommends that “support in the form of affordable insurance policy, credit, Agric-input, favourable forest, regulatory framework, and youth empowerment would enhance sustainable adjustment to climate variability and change the rural people.”
It further harps on the need to develop inclusive approaches to managing the problems arising from resource exploitation as well as understanding Of the poor and vulnerable as key factors in identifying solutions to their challenges.
The research states that “The current trend in climate variability and change is perceived to encourage afforestation, as the main ecological/socio- economic prospect.”
It suggests ” integrating adaptive management strategies in coping with climate variability impacts on farming households in forest communities of Nigeria.”