The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) says the world is off-track to meet most of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets linked to hunger, food security and nutrition.
In its new report that examines the path to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, FAO says things are not looking good.
“More than 820 million people are still hungry today. The number of hungry people in the world has been on the rise for three years in a row, and is back to levels seen in 2010-2011,” the report says.
“In parallel, the percentage of hungry people out of the total population has slightly increased, from 10.6 percent in 2015 to 10.8 percent in 2018.”
On average, 60 percent of local livestock breeds are at risk of extinction in the 70 countries that had risk status information.
Specifically, across the world, out of 7155 local livestock breeds (i.e. breeds occurring in only one country), 1940 are considered to be at risk of extinction. Examples include the Fogera cattle from Ethiopia or the Gembrong goat of Bali.
FAO says one-third of the world’s marine fish stocks are overfished today, compared to only 10 percent in 1974; it adds that between 2000 and 2015, the world lost an area of forest the size of Madagascar, due mainly to the conversion of forestland for agricultural use.
Most of this loss is recorded in the tropics of Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and South-East Asia.
The report puts forward a number of recommendations aimed at reversing these worsening trends.
- Promoting productivity growth and strengthening the resilience and adaptive capacity of small-scale food producers is also critical to reversing the trend of rising hunger and reducing the number of people living in extreme poverty, the report stresses.
- Price anomalies contributed to undermining people’s access to food and nutritional status in many developing countries. These could be addressed by improving information on prices and on food supply and demand of basic food stuffs, allowing markets to function more efficiently.
- Improvements in water productivity and irrigation in agriculture and reduced losses in municipal distribution networks, industrial and energy cooling processes are among the main issues to be tackled when it comes to water stress.
To see the full report, CLICK HERE