Mauritius: Major greenhouse gas emitters must fight climate change

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Mauritius has urged major greenhouse gas emitters to put more effort into fighting climate change.

The acting president of the country, Paramasivum P. Vyapoory, gave the advice in an interview with Sputnik.

According to Vyapoory, Mauritius is doing its part, “raising awareness among the population for individual action, promoting renewable energy sources, the planting of trees” and is proud to have “completely banned the use of plastic bags”.

“It is important to understand that whatever the actions being taken by small countries, like Mauritius, it is only when those countries which are most responsible for the effects of climate change, it’s when they start taking serious actions that we can expect real improvement, as far as climate change is concerned,” the acting president said.

Vyapoory, who will be attending Russia-Africa forum in Sochi this week — becoming the first Mauritius leader to visit Russia — remarked that Moscow’s official adoption of the Paris agreement on climate change was “a major sign of support of big countries in this fight”.

As an island nation, Mauritius is particularly exposed to the effects of climate change such as sea level rise, flash floods, and intense cyclones.

In addition, Mauritius has to tackle marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Data provided by the World Resources Institute in April 2017 showed that the top three greenhouse gas emitters – China, the European Union, and the U.S. – contribute more than half of total global emissions, while the bottom 100 countries only account for 3.5 per cent.

Collectively, the top 10 emitters account for nearly three-quarters of global emissions.

The world can’t successfully tackle the climate change challenge without significant action from these countries.

China, U.S. EU, Mexico, Canada, Indonesia, Brazil, Japan, Russia, and India are the top ten greenhouse gas emitters in the world.

Other emitters include Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Australia, South Korea, and Iran.

The energy, agriculture, and industry sectors have remained the largest contributors to emissions over any other sector.