New climate change report highlights role of non-state actors

0
245

The Global Climate Action Summit (GCAS) has released a new global climate action plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions – with particular reference to non-state actors.

This plan finds a broad spectrum of commitments from non-state and sub-national actors with potential to support and ultimately outpace governments in their emissions reductions.

In total, the report finds these pledges represent a projected reduction of between 1.5 -2.2 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (GtCO2e) by 2030.

But where the assessment finds encouraging potential for scale, it also reveals challenges related to monitoring, reporting and coordination.

A lack of participation and facilitation from government further limits the overall impact of these commitments on global CO2 reduction.

“Cities, states, civil society and the private sector can be the resource that puts the world over the top in our fight to reduce CO2 emissions,” said head of UN Environment, Erik Solheim.

“For global governments and the policymakers who would support this momentum my message is this: The time for political rhetoric is over. The world urgently needs leaders with the political courage to act.

“Non-state actors are stepping up, but they need government engagement to bridge the emissions gap. The time is now to put it all together and finally address our new climate reality.”

The report authors emphasized that for non-state actors to succeed and foster credibility, their pledges and the surrounding governance need to follow good practices in climate action: the participants need the capacity to deliver the goals, leadership needs to be effective, the funding sustainable, and the goals well-defined.

The report concludes by insisting that transparency is crucial to allow for monitoring effectiveness, efficiency, and credibility.