Nigeria commences 2018 Nigeria Demographic Health Survey

Gloria Essien, Abuja

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Nigeria has commenced the 2018 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey.

The survey is to help government and partners in planning for a better health indices for the country.

The Nigerian minister of health, Professor  Isaac Adewole, said that the 2018 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey would provide information to address the health challenges in Nigeria for evidence based planning.

He said that the 2018 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey which is the sixth in the series of DHS conducted in Nigeria is a five year periodic worldwide survey program designed by USAID with support from other international donor organizations to assist countries in conducting household sample surveys to monitor changes in population, health and nutrition.

“As you all know, The survey is being currently carried out in several countries in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia, Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Data from these surveys will be used to better understand the population, health, and nutrition situation in these countries. The last DHS in Nigeria was conducted in 2013.

The specific objective of the DHS is to collect high-quality data for policy formulation, program planning, monitoring and evaluation. It is also aimed at fostering and reinforcing host-country ownership of data collection, analysis, presentation, and use.

Additionally, it seeks to Increase the capacity of host-country partners to collect and use data for policy and program implementation purposes,” he said.

Professor  Adewole also said that the 2018 Nigeria DHS is being conducted by the National Population Commission (NPopC) ithe agency statutorily mandated to generate demographic data for national planning in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Health.

“As the implementing agency, the Commission is primarily responsible for the planning, analysis and dissemination of the survey results. The sample size for the 2018 NDHS consists of a total of 1,400 clusters (small geographically defined areas) with each state and FCT having 37 clusters with the exception of Lagos and Kano States which have 53clusters respectively. The clusters are made up of 580 (41%) urban clusters with 17,310 households and 820 (59%) rural clusters with 24,690 households with each cluster having 30 households each. Expectedly, a total of 40,567 women and 12,056 men will be interviewed in this survey. The 2018 NDHS unlike the previous exercises has been designed with additional components on malaria and genotype testing”. He noted.

The Minister explained that the objective of the survey is to collect high quality data on fertility levels and preferences; contraceptive use; maternal/child health; maternal mortality immunization as well as HIV/AIDS, among other things.

He added that the survey also aims to  foster and reinforce Nigeria’s ownership of data collection, analysis, presentation, and use by utilizing its own manpower.

Speaking on the survey in Abuja, the Director General of the National Population Commission, Dr. Ghali Bello said that technology is being used to enhance the data.

He said, for the first time, malaria and genotype tests are included in the survey.

“Data from these surveys will be used to better understand the population, health, and nutrition situation in these countries”. He said.

On her part, the Deputy Mission Detector at the United State Agency for International Development, Erin Holleran, said that the US government is proud to assist in improving the health of women and children through the survey.

She said that the survey would show what has bewn done in the health sector and what is left to be done ro address excess mortality and Morbidity.

The fieldwork at the state level will commence from 26th August to 15th December, 2018 in the 36 States and the FCT.