Nigerians develop, implement early warning system for conflicts

Rebecca Mu’azu, Gombe


Identified stakeholders in Nigeria are being trained to implement an early warning system for conflicts.

The participants in Gombe state are being trained to monitor, analyse conflict indicators,  to report them and make recommendations for corresponding interventions.

Last month, a two-day training was held on the assessment of conflict dynamics, where the stakeholders developed the Gombe conflict early warning indicators.

Consequently, the three-day training for monitors and analysts on Gender Sensitive Early Warning and Response Strategies, has been held for mainly communities in the state, on the types and nature of conflicts that exist in the country, using the already developed and validated early warning indicators.

They were also trained on the challenges of conflict analysis and the various tools used for improve the process.

Ms. Osariemen Amas-Edobor is the Programme Manager of the West African Network for Peacebuilding, WANEB Nigeria, one of the organisers of the training.

She said the training became necessary so that the monitors and analysts would know how to play their roles for the respondents.

“We needed to teach them how to do a better analysis of the situation. They are like mini prophets, they are like seers. You have to foresee what’s gonna happen, if this doesn’t take place, what will happen if this takes place. So, we have to take them through the difference tools in conflict analysis. What conflict analysis is, in the main sense, the challenges of conflict analysis and the necessary tools that we can use to analyse,” she said.

According to the Director General of the Nigerian Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution, Professor Oshita Oshita, the training is to prepare the community monitors and analysts on how to protect the state from threats to peace and security.

“As they tried to operationalise the Peace Architecture of Gombe State, they will be able to monitor all those things that are likely to constitute threat to the peace of the state. That’s why we are training peace monitors, who will be like early warning activists, who will now be using the format that they have been trained on to dictate any likely conflict disorders that  may impact on the peace of this state,” Professor Oshita said.


Usman Umar Yari, is a resident of Kumo town in Akko Local Government Area, of Gombe State.

“From now on, I know what conflict, its effect is and how to tackle it, particularly the early warnings we have been taught here. So the training is quite interesting, educative.”

For Mrs. Anita Dogo, the State Coordinator of Women Rights Advancement and Protection Alternative, WRAPA, she is carrying back a lot from the training.

“If I had not come, I would have missed a lot, especially on how to solve conflict and all the rest, how approaches, especially the bottom up. In fact I even started practicing it on cases I had.

Mr. Peter Uwumarogie was among the journalists selected for the training.

“I learned some of the methods of conflict analysis and the tools for analysing conflict and the causes of conflict, actually.  But the specific causes of conflict were dug into, and also how to report, in terms of early warning. You see something you say something!”

Another training session is underway for the respondents, who will be responsible for ensuring that recommendations by conflict analysts for the prevention, resolution, response and intervention to conflicts are implemented in Gombe State.

In the meantime, the Director General of the Nigerian Institute of Peace and Conflict Resolution, Professor Oshita called on every Nigerian to be a peace ambassador, so that whatever activity each individual carried out anywhere will consequently contribute to the development of the country and not destroy it.

Professor Oshita, encouraged all Nigerians to preserve peace in the different ways they conduct themselves in the society, right from the family level.

He said this should be done when everyone treated each other the way he would want the other person to treat him as his fellow human being.