UN Environment, Sweden and the Coordinating Body on the Seas of East Asia (COBSEA) have announced efforts to combat marine litter and plastic pollution in Southeast Asia over the coming four years, through a project that aims to ensure that less plastic leaks through waste management systems.
The project, funded by the Sweden International Development Agency (Sida) and implemented by UN Environment and COBSEA, will involve stakeholders throughout the plastic value chain, from the plastic producers to the waste managers to those in coastal communities suffering most the impacts of plastic pollution.
Several countries in Southeast Asia are major plastic producers, and generate substantial amounts of the types of plastic that ends up as marine litter.
Inexpensive plastic packaging is also easily available in the region, and the “take away” street food culture prominent in some countries, such as Thailand, contributes to widespread use of single-use plastics.
At the same time, waste management capacity is limited in the region and the proportion of plastic waste mismanaged is over 75% in most Southeast Asian countries.
Dechen Tsering, regional director for UN Environment in Asia and the Pacific, said:
“Plastic pollution is a global problem, yet 60% of all plastic that ends up in our oceans comes from only 6 countries in Asia.
By addressing the problem here, we can make great strides toward a planet free of plastic pollution. We are pleased to have the support of the government of Sweden to tackle the issue.”
Swedish Ambassador for the Ocean Helen Ågren said, “To beat plastic pollution we have to work on many fronts: from material development and standardization in order to facilitate recycling, to increased consumer awareness and behavior change, to policy development that incentivizes a circular economy, efficient use of resources and sustainable waste management systems.”
To reduce waste, UN Environment and COBSEA will be working with research institutions, companies, government bodies and civil society to reduce the use of the most harmful and difficult to recycle plastic, boost collection and recycling of high-value plastic such as PET, and generate region-wide public awareness and support for better plastic pollution policies.
The scientific basis for addressing marine litter will be strengthened, by collecting and analyzing data on plastic leakage and marine litter at local, national and regional levels.
UN Environment, COBSEA and partners will use this baseline data to help all stakeholders in the plastic lifecycle develop evidence-based policies and plans that will reduce the amount of marine litter flowing from the region.
The announcement was made at an event at the Swedish Ambassador’s Residence in Bangkok, which was organized in the context of the celebration of 150 years of Thai-Swedish friendship and relations.