Senate rejects legal abortion bill in Argentina

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Argentina’s senate has rejected a bill which would have legalised abortion in the first 14 weeks of pregnancy.

After a marathon debate, 38 senators voted against it and 31 in favour. Its defeat means lawmakers must wait until next year to resubmit legislation.

Currently, abortion is allowed in Argentina only in cases of rape, or if the mother’s health is in danger.

Demonstrators on both sides of the debate rallied outside parliament as voting took place.

Anti-abortion activists have been jubilant since after the legislation.

“It’s a joy to see that our society can be based on such an important principle as the defence of the most defenceless, the child,” one of them said.

Pro-choice campaigners say they are not giving up.

Some started fires and lobbed missiles at police after the vote.

pro-choice campaigns
Pro-choice campaigners have for years, tried to get bills passed in Argentina, where the population is overwhelmingly Roman Catholic.

Their efforts gained new impetus when President Mauricio Macri who opposes abortion called on Congress to consider a vote on it, and it narrowly passed in the lower house.

However, with the Senate leaning conservative, the bill’s passage always looked difficult. The debate lasted more than 16 hours in an often-fraught session.

There are 42 men in the Argentine senate and 30 women. Among the women the vote was evenly split while a majority of men voted against.

Campaigners voices
“This law doesn’t obligate, nor does it recommend anyone have an abortion. The only thing this law does is defend the right to choose,”
 opposition Peronist party member, Norma Durango.

“The message that we wanted to put across is that abortion equals social failure. For a woman to resort to it, many other things need to have failed first.”  anti-abortion non-governmental organisation Frente Joven’s Camila Duro.

“Women perform abortions with criminalisation or without it,” pro-choice lawyer and campaigner, Sabrina Cartabia Groba.

“Abortion always kills a child and it doesn’t solve the woman’s problem. We believe that this is never the solution. Faced with an unexpected pregnancy abortion is never the solution. There are always other solutions,” Maria Castillo said.

Impact on Argentina
For the bill’s advocates, legalising abortion is an urgent public health matter. Tens of thousands of women in Argentina are taken to hospital every year after illegal abortions. In 2016, 43 women died.

Those that can afford it use drugs to terminate their pregnancies while poorer women turn to far cruder methods.

Uruguay and Cuba are the only Latin American nations to have decriminalised abortion. It is largely prohibited across the region except in restricted cases.

The Supreme Court in Latin America’s most populous country Brazil has begun hearing from both sides on whether abortion should be legalised up to 12 weeks.

In May, another largely Catholic country, the Republic of Ireland, voted overwhelmingly in a referendum to overturn a ban on abortion.

The global trend has been towards legalisation but the debate continues. In the US, for instance, changes to the Supreme Court has led to speculation abortion could be made illegal in some states.

 

BBC/Nneka Ukachukwu/Lateefah Ibrahim