The United Kingdom’s National Army Museum is set to return a looted braid of hair of Ethiopia’s Emperor Tewadros II, media reports have suggested as at Monday, March 4.
The BBC’s former reporter in Ethiopia also tweeted about the development which is a significant step in the country’s long fight for the return from UK of plundered ancient artefacts.
Significant moment in history as National Army Museum in UK agrees to return locks of hair of #Ethiopia Emperor Tewodros II removed during the the battle of Maqdala in 1868.
— Emmanuel Igunza (@EmmanuelIgunza) March 4, 2019
In April 2018, Ethiopia upped the campaign for its artefacts stolen by British troops to be returned as part of a wider campaign to repatriate important articles of the country’s history sitting in museums overseas.
British expeditionary troops ransacked Emperor Tewodros II’s Maqdala fortress in northern Ethiopia using 200 mules and 15 camels (some reports say elephants) to carry the loot of sacred manuscripts and royal gold.
The Guardian reported in August 2018 that the Museum had quietly removed from display the emperor’s lock of hair. Ethiopia has for years tried to reclaim stolen artefacts and relics from Britain.
History has it that Tewodros killed himself at the end of a British invasion in 1868. He opted to die than be taken prisoner, killing himself with a gun gifted to him by Queen Victoria.
The invaders reportedly tore off his clothes and cut off his braid which were taken to the UK along with hundreds of other objects that were plundered by the Lt Gen Sir Robert Napier force.
The treasures and animals were subsequently deposited in different institutions upon return. The expedition was originally to save British hostages held in Ethiopia.
The national museum has in the past stressed that it was considering the repatriation of artefacts on the back of Ethiopian requests. In April 2018, the UK’s Victoria and Albert , V&A Museum agreed to return on loan-term loan a gold crown among looted treasures it currently holds.
Ethiopia has pointed other holders of treasures in the direction of V&A’s gesture and tasked them to follow suit.
Director of National Museum of Ethiopia, Ephrem Amare said last year: “We have a lot of written documents that show they carried out a planned and organized looting in Maqdala.
“We also know that these treasures are in the British Museum. It is clearly known where these treasures came to whom they belong.
Our main question has never been to have them on loan. Ethiopia’s position has always been the restoration of those illegally looted treasures. Not to borrow them.”
According to researchers, legislation in the UK doesn’t allow for objects to be removed from Brtish museums, unless there’s an act of parliament.
Ethiopia’s government says they have not received any official communication of the long-term loan.
The then Minister of Culture and Tourism, Hirut Woldemariam said: “We didn’t even ask for this. What we have asked was the restitution of our heritage, our Maqdala Heritage, looted from Maqdala 150 years ago.
“We presented our request in 2007 and we are waiting for it. We haven’t received any response so far.”